nervous processes

nervous processes
nerviniai procesai statusas T sritis švietimas apibrėžtis Nervinių ląstelių dinamika, pasireiškianti jaudinimu ir slopinimu. I. Pavlovas nustatė centrinės nervų sistemos procesų dėsnius: 1) iradiacijos (kilęs sujaudinimas sklinda žieve ir kitais nervų skyriais); 2) koncentracijos (po to jaudinimas vėl koncentruojasi pirmykštėje vietoje); 3) vienalaikės (simultaninės) indukcijos (jaudinimo koncentracija tuo pat metu sukelia slopinimą aplink jaudinimo židinį); 4) neigiamos indukcijos (tam tikrame smegenų žievės taške atsiradęs jaudinimo židinys sukelia slopinimą aplinkiniame lauke); 5) teigiamos indukcijos (smegenų žievės taške atsiradęs slopinimas aplinkui sukelia jaudinimą); 6) nuoseklios (sukcesyvios) indukcijos (koncentraciją viename taške ilgainiui pakeičia iradiacija ir atvirkščiai); 7) galvos smegenų darbo sistemingumo ir dinaminio stereotipo. Šiais fiziologiniais dėsniais aiškinami psichiniai procesai: apibendrinimas (iradiacija), dėmesys (koncentracija), aktyvumo didėjimas (slopinimo keitimasis jaudinimu). Pedagoginiame darbe reikia atsižvelgti į šiuos dėsnius, nes susidariusiu dinaminiu stereotipu grindžiamas ne tik sistemingas smegenų darbas, bet ir žmogaus gyvenimo ritmas, įgūdžiai, įpročiai. atitikmenys: angl. nervous processes vok. Nervenprocess rus. нервные процессы

Enciklopedinis edukologijos žodynas. 2007.

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